North Carolina

State Balloting Process

Article XIII
Sec. 1. Convention of the People.
No Convention of the People of this State shall ever be called unless by
the concurrence of two-thirds of all the members of each house of the
General Assembly, and unless the proposition “Convention or No
Convention” is first submitted to the qualified voters of the State at the
time and in the manner prescribed by the General Assembly. If a majority
of the votes cast upon the proposition are in favor of a Convention, it shall
assemble on the day prescribed by the General Assembly. The General
Assembly shall, in the act submitting the convention proposition, propose
limitations upon the authority of the Convention; and if a majority of the
votes cast upon the proposition are in favor of a Convention, those
limitations shall become binding upon the Convention. Delegates to the
Convention shall be elected by the qualified voters at the time and in the
manner prescribed in the act of submission. The Convention shall consist
of a number of delegates equal to the membership of the House of
Representatives of the General Assembly that submits the convention
proposition and the delegates shall be apportioned as is the House of
Representatives. A Convention shall adopt no ordinance not necessary to
the purpose for which the Convention has been called.

Sec. 2. Power to revise or amend Constitution reserved to people.
The people of this State reserve the power to amend this Constitution and
to adopt a new or revised Constitution. This power may be exercised by
either of the methods set out hereinafter in this Article, but in no other
way.

Sec. 3. Revision or amendment by Convention of the People.
A Convention of the People of this State may be called pursuant to
Section 1 of this Article to propose a new or revised Constitution or to
propose amendments to this Constitution. Every new or revised
Constitution and every constitutional amendment adopted by a
Convention shall be submitted to the qualified voters of the State at the
time and in the manner prescribed by the Convention. If a majority of the
votes cast thereon are in favor of ratification of the new or revised
Constitution or the constitutional amendment or amendments, it or they
shall become effective January first next after ratification by the qualified
voters unless a different effective date is prescribed by the Convention.

Sec. 4. Revision or amendment by legislative initiation.
A proposal of a new or revised Constitution or an amendment or
amendments to this Constitution may be initiated by the General
Assembly, but only if three-fifths of all the members of each house shall
adopt an act submitting the proposal to the qualified voters of the State
for their ratification or rejection. The proposal shall be submitted at the
time and in the manner prescribed by the General Assembly. If a majority
of the votes cast thereon are in favor of the proposed new or revised
Constitution or constitutional amendment or amendments, it or they shall
become effective January first next after ratification by the voters unless a
different effective date is prescribed in the act submitting the proposal or
proposals to the qualified voters.

Excerpted from the Initiative & Referendum Almanac by M. Dane Waters.

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