You have full Initiative & Referendum rights. Citizens can pass laws they write or suspend a statute passed by the Legislature by collecting enough petition signatures to place the statute on the statewide ballot for a decision by the voters. Voters can also initiate constitutional amendments by Initiative.

Coalition for an Open & Accessible Initiative Process:

Missouri Citizens for Property Rights

Missouri First

Voter Protection Alliance

Americans for Prosperity, Missouri


See the results of a poll on support for statewide initiative & referendum here.

Grade: A-

Click here to view Missouri’s individual report in Of the People, By the People, For the People: A 2010 Report Card on Statewide Voter Initiative Rights.

State Balloting Process

How you can change Missouri’s government through ballot initiatives


Initiative and referendum became part of Missouri’s constitution
primarily as the result of a decade of work by three people: St. Louis
attorney Silas L. Moser, William Preston Hill, M.D., Ph.D., and Anna Beard,
Dr. Hill’s assistant… Read More

Ballot Qualifications & Schedule

Date Initiative language can be submitted to state for 2002: Any time.

Signatures are tied to vote of which office: Governor

Next Gubernatorial election: 2012

Votes cast for governor in last election: 2,813,898

Net number of signatures required: For a statute, proponents must collect
signatures equal to 5% of votes cast for governor in 6 out of 9
Congressional districts and 8% for constitutional amendments. The actual
total number varies, depending on which 6 counties are chosen. A statute
initiative circulated in the 6 districts with the highest votes cast for
governor would require 143,888 signatures. An amendment would require

Distribution requirement: 5% in 6 out of 9 congressional districts.

Circulation period: 18 months

Do circulators have to be residents of the state: No, but they must register
with the Secretary of State’s office.

Date when signatures are due for certification: 6 months prior to statewide election

Signature verification process: Secretary of State verifies signatures by use
of random sampling.

Single Subject: Missouri has a single subject requirement.

Legislative tampering: The legislature can both repeal and amend
initiative statutes.

Excerpted from the Initiative & Referendum Almanac by M. Dane Waters.